"Kill them all" is about the religious genocide committed by the Church against the Cathars of the Languedoc region of France in 1209. Raymond V, count of Toulouse has to choose between saving the souls or the lives of his subjects. In one night 25,000 souls were burned to death in Bezier with the words: "Kill them all, God will recognise his own."
The demise of the Confederacy left a legacy of legal arrangements that raised fundamental and vexing questions regarding the legal rights and status of former slaves and the status of former Confederate states. As Harold Hyman shows, few individuals had greater impact on resolving these difficult questions than Salmon P. Chase, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1865 to 1873.
Hyman argues that in two cases -- In Re Turner (1867) and Texas v. White (1869) -- Chase combined his abolitionist philosophy with an activist jurisprudence to help dismantle once and for all the deposed machineries of slavery and the Confederacy. In Re Turner was a private law case decided at the federal circuit level.
It involved a black woman's claim that she, a recent slave, was being held in involuntary, servitude. Elizabeth Turner's mother had apprenticed her to their former master, who had not abided by his contractual obligations to provide Elizabeth with training and compensation, substantively keeping her in slavery. Chase's decision, which relied upon due process and equal protection implications in the thirteenth amendment and the 1866 Civil Rights Act, confirmed the rights of emancipated slaves to bargain and contract with employers on a parity with white workers. Texas v. White was a public law case decided in the Supreme Court. It revolved around the issue of whether the holders of U.S. bonds seized and sold by the Confederate state of Texas could demand payment after the war from that state's newly reconstructed government. In effect, Chase and his associate justices were asked to determine the legality of actions committed by all former Confederate states and, thus, to define whatconstituted a state. Chase's opinion reaffirmed the permanence of the Union and its constituent states and the duty of the states to respect the legal rights and obligations of all citizens. Hyman's exemplary study provides a much-needed reevaluation of both cases in the context of Chase's life and shows how they secured for him a rostrum for both moral and legal reform from which he asserted his strong views on the fundamental rights of individuals and states in an era of sporadically expanding federal power. "This is constitutional history as it should be written, but seldom is. Combining an excellent sketch of Chase's life with the social, intellectual, and moral climate of the times, Hyman provides a brilliant analysis of two landmark decisions. He also presents a stimulating, original, and provocative treatment of the Chase Court that sheds new light on our understanding of the thirteenth and fourteenth amendments". John Niven, editor of The Salmon P.
Whether you are newly arrived in Egypt and need to know the words for bread and apartment, or a long-term resident who suddenly needs to know how to ask for a picture frame or complain of a sore throat, this dictionary is for you. Fully revised and expanded, the third edition of this unique and invaluable dictionary presents 6,500 words commonly needed by foreigners speaking Arabic in Egypt. Arabic words are written in a clear and consistent transcription system, plurals are given for all nouns, plurals and feminine forms are provided for all adjectives, and past tenses are given for all verbs. The dictionary also provides stress rules and basic charts of verb endings, negation of verbs, form and use of numbers, pronominal suffixes, and comparatives and superlatives.
How do scientists persuade colleagues from diverse fields to cross the disciplinary divide, risking their careers in new interdisciplinary research programs? Why do some attempts to inspire such research win widespread acclaim and support, while others do not? In Shaping Science with Rhetoric, Leah Ceccarelli addresses such questions through close readings of three scientific monographs in their historical contexts—Theodosius Dobzhansky's Genetics and the Origin of Species (1937), which inspired the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology; Erwin Schrödinger's What Is Life? (1944), which catalyzed the field of molecular biology; and Edward O. Wilson's Consilience (1998), a so far not entirely successful attempt to unite the social and biological sciences. She examines the rhetorical strategies used in each book and evaluates which worked best, based on the reviews and scientific papers that followed in their wake. Ceccarelli's work will be important for anyone interested in how interdisciplinary fields are formed, from historians and rhetoricians of science to scientists themselves.
Sapphire is the featured performer at Gemstone Burlesque, one of Baton Rouge’s top clubs. Her unique look, hourglass figure, and sultry voice have men, and some women, packing the club nightly and reveling in her appeal. Jaxon throws a bachelor party at the club and is taken off guard when Sapphire, the object of his teenage fantasies, takes the stage and awakens feelings in him he thought were long gone. Sapphire remembers the torment she faced as a teenager from Jaxon and his friends for her appearance. Jaxon remembers things very differently. Can the humiliated woman and the infatuated man clarify what actually happened as teenagers and take a chance on each other? Some of the most beautiful things on earth are created by extreme heat. Will the flame of desire that these two can’t deny create something lasting or will it fizzle out before they have a chance to be consumed? ***Gemstone Burlesque is a fourteen part, erotic romance serial. There will be fourteen different short stories. All are standalones. All stories will be between 7500-9500 words. THIS IS NOT EROTICA.
The Constitution of the United States and its amendments are clearly explained phrase-by-phrase in this revised edition. Through instantaneous communication by audio and visual mass media, contemporary American society is constantly made aware of the vital impact of the national Constitution and its interpretations with regard to political, economic, and social issues.
This concise analysis of the meaning of the Constitution, with expositions of the history and principles of constitutionalism, should provide better understanding of and respect for the basic law of the land. Intended to supplement standard texts in history and government and to serve as a reference for all interested citizens.
Before there was A, there was Alison DiLaurentis. Boys wanted to date her, girls wanted to be her, and somebody wanted her dead. . . .
It's the end of seventh grade, and Alison DiLaurentis and her friends are the girls of Rosewood Day. Ali runs her clique with an iron fist, and she's got enough dirt on Hanna, Emily, Aria, and Spencer to keep them in line. But Ali's hiding a dark secret of her own, something so huge it would destroy everything if it ever got out. She's desperate to keep the perfect life she's worked so hard to build, but in Rosewood deadly secrets have deadly consequences. . . . Set in the weeks leading up to Ali's murder, this special Pretty Little Liars tale is told by the prettiest little liar of all: Ali herself. For the first time ever, we see how the mystery began . .
. and how Alison DiLaurentis's life ended.