This book offers an accessible introduction to the topic of impact evaluation and its practice in development. While the book is geared principally towards development practitioners and policymakers designing prospective impact evaluations, we trust that it will be a valuable resource for students and others interested in using impact evaluation. Prospective impact evaluations should be used selectively to assess whether or not a program has achieved its intended results, or to test alternatives for achieving those results. We consider that more and better impact evaluation will help strengthen the evidence base for development policies and programs around the world. If governments and development practitioners can make policy decisions based on evidence - including evidence generated through impact evaluation - our hope is that development resources will be spent more effectively, and ultimately have a greater impact on reducing poverty and improving people s lives. The three chapters in this handbook provide a non-technical introduction to impact evaluations, including Why Evaluate in Chapter 1, How to Evaluate in Chapter 2 and How to Implement Impact Evaluations in Chapter 3. These elements are the basic tools needed in order to successfully carry out an impact evaluation. From a methodological standpoint our approach to impact evaluation is largely pragmatic: we think that the most appropriate methods should be identified to fit the operational context, and not the other way around. This is best achieved at the outset of the program, through the design of prospective impact evaluation that can be built into the project s implementation. We argue that gaining consensus between key stakeholders and identifying an evaluation design that fits the political and operational context is as important as the method itself. We also believe strongly that impact evaluations should be upfront about their limitations and caveats. Finally, we strongly encourage policymakers and program managers to consider impact evaluations in a logical framework that clearly sets out the causal pathways by which the program works to produce outputs and influence final outcomes, and to combine impact evaluations with monitoring and selected complementary evaluation approach to gain a full picture of performance. This book builds on a core set of teaching materials developed for the Turning Promises to Evidence workshops organized by the office of the Chief Economist for Human Development (HDNCE) in partnership with regional units and the Development Economics Research Group (DECRG) at the World Bank.
Bolle is vijf jaar als zijn vader doodgaat. Hij mist hem heel erg. Samen met zijn moeder probeert Bolle eraan te wennen dat zijn vader er niet meer is. Een ontroerend en troostrijk verhaal.
The future of transportation is coming faster than ever. Cars that drive themselves are already on the road giving rides to people all day long. When they become widespread, every part of society will change as everyone can enjoy the pleasure of their own chauffeur. The transformation of society will be one of the greatest ever, redefining how we think about our cities, our homes, and our daily lives. Adults will have more time, children will have more freedom, and everyone will be able to accomplish more while letting the robots handle the chore of maneuvering the cars. The book is split into 80 very short chapters examining different ways that society will change.
A down-on-her luck burglar, a trust fund college kid with something to prove. Will they outfox a master thief? All eighteen-year-old Darlene wants is to rob the joint. College guy Ian comes home too soon. And some ill-timed flatulence brings them together. Darlene thinks she’s toast. Instead Ian gives her a job offer, leading a heist team to steal a rare species of vanilla orchid. Only catch, she’s swiping from one of the best thieves in the biz. With her dad’s store on its last legs, Darlene needs the cash she’ll get when the job is done. Ian's in it to win a bet. Can their rag-tag team pinch the flower right under their mark’s nose? And can they remember not to eat beans for breakfast? The Orchid Caper is the first in a humorous YA action/adventure series.
If you love action with a sense of humor, this is the book for you. Join the adventure and buy a copy now!
A team of Intelligence agents try to prevent an impending terrorist attack, but are thwarted by bureaucratic hurdles in this darkly humorous debut written by a former CIA agent
Ruling the Machines that Rule the World? Our planet's information systems have now reached a level of scale and complexity at which we can no longer simply decide how they will behave. They are so sophisticated and so interconnected that humans can neither steer nor comprehend them with certainty. Can we trust such an infrastructure to society? For more than twenty years, Mark Burgess has been one of the pioneers of the science and technology behind the operation of this information infrastructure. In this book, he explains how far we have come in our understanding of the systems, and whether we yet have the necessary knowledge to prevent them from spiralling out of control. In Search of Certainty takes the reader on a fascinating journey, from the beginnings of scientific thought to our present day, illuminating information technology as an integral part of our modern historical and cultural narrative. It lays out key challenges for the future and suggests a daring new way to think about the future governance of the vast cybernetic organism we are in process of creating. "An instant classic in computer science! 'In Search of Certainty' is a brilliant piece of work by one of the most brilliant people I've ever met. Complex systems, like modern IT services, need to be understood from a perspective very different from traditional IT practice. The answers are rooted in science and Mark Burgess exposes this science like nobody else." -- Glenn O'Donnell, Principal Analyst, Forrester Research "An incredible journey by one of the [IT] industry's most important thinkers over the past 20 years. Like everything else he's done, this is unique and astonishing in its implications." --Carolyn Rowland, NIST "Mark brings together the digital microcosm and macrocosm, the mundane and the profound, the human and the technological, in a way that is important, wonderful, and truly mind-stretching." -- Jeff Sussna, Ingineering.IT "Mark Burgess practically invented modern IT infrastructure management software. Now he has produced a revolutionary work, part personal journey, part theoretical review, as he advances the state of infrastructure science -- and our comprehension -- again. IN SEARCH OF CERTAINTY is a must-read book from a true visionary." --Christopher Little, BMC Software "There are thought leaders, and then there are thought leaders. Mark Burgess is a scientist who can talk to the real world, and has been challenging it for 20 years, with the message of science." -- Reynold Jabbour, J.
P. Morgan-Chase "Holy cow!" -- Gene Kim, Author of Phoenix Project "To err is human, to explain is Mark Burgess." -- Patrick Debois "I only got through the Introduction and Chapter 1. I was so encouraged by just those that I started applying it to organization at Joyent and forgot to come back to the book." -- Ben Rockwood, Joyent "A philosophy of informatics obviously contrasting with but also complementing Floridi's philosophy of information." -- Jan Bergstra, Professor University of Amsterdam "What I liked most about the book was the vast number of topics it drew on, there are examples from a very broad array of domains. This made it very fun. ...
It really is a tour de force of most interesting things that have happened for the past 500 years..." -- Sigurd Teigen, CFEngine "The book is in parts a very personal description of the world we live in, and how it evolved... the book is about a journey, a personal one. I did like that part very much.